Understanding Sexual Violence and Sexual assault
Sexual Violence means physical sexual acts without the consent of the other person or when the other person is unable to give consent. Sexual violence includes sexual assault, rape, domestic violence, dating violence and stalking.
Sexual Assault occurs when physical, sexual activity is engaged without the consent of the other person, or when the other person is unable to consent to the activity. The activity or conduct may include physical force, violence, threat, intimidation, ignoring the objections of the other person, causing the other person’s intoxication or incapacitation (through the use of drugs or alcohol) or taking advantage of the other person’s intoxication (including voluntary intoxication).
Sexual Harassmentincludes behavior such as unwelcome sexual advances, requests for sexual favors, and other conduct of a sexual nature. It is conduct that affects a person’s employment or education or interferes with a person’s work or educational performance or creates an environment that a reasonable person would find it intimidating, hostile or offensive.
For more information about these and other frequently used terms, visit our Glossary of Terms page.
Consent is an affirmative, unambiguous and conscious decision by each participant to mutually agreed-upon sexual activity. Consent is voluntary and must be given without coercion, force, threats or intimidation.
Consent is revocable. Consent to some form of sexual activity does not imply consent to other forms of sexual activity. Consent on one occasion is not consent to engage in sexual activity on another occasion. A current or previous dating or sexual relationship, by itself, is not sufficient to constitute consent. Even in the context of a relationship, there must be mutual consent to engage in sexual activity. Consent must be ongoing throughout a sexual encounter and can be revoked any time. Once consent is withdrawn, the sexual activity must stop immediately.
Consent cannot be given when someone is incapacitated, unconscious, coming in and out of consciousness, or if that person’s understanding of the act is affected by a physical or mental impairment.
Yes. UCR provides education and training to help all members of the campus community better understand sexual violence and how to prevent it. Starting in fall 2014, UCR has offered sexual violence prevention and intervention education to all incoming students. To find out how to access the education and training at UCR, visit our Education and Training webpage.
Starting July 2015, UCR will begin implementing a comprehensive sexual violence prevention and intervention training and education plan for all members of the UCR community — students, staff, faculty and other academic appointees. This plan will augment existing training.
How to Get Help
If you are in immediate danger or need immediate medical attention, call 911.
If you are not in immediate danger:
CARE Advocates are a valuable resource for you. The CARE advocate works with survivors of sexual violence, including sexual assault, dating/domestic violence and stalking, to provide immediate confidential emotional support and assistance. In addition, the CARE advocate works with survivors to access campus resources such as psychological counseling, medical care, emergency housing, transportation and academic needs. The CARE advocate can explain your options for filing a formal report with law enforcement or the university - as well as the option not to report. For more information about the campus CARE advocate, visit the CARE website.
In addition to CARE Advocacy the Faculty and Staff Assistance Program is designed to offer confidential counseling, referral and other needed services to staff, faculty and their family members with personal concerns. Contact the Faculty and Staff Assistance Program at (951) 781-0510 or (800) 266-0510
Faculty members may also contact their Academic Personnel Office regarding their academic rights.
Yes. Regardless of whether you decide to file a report, the university has many resources available to you, such as counseling and academic support.
If you are an undergraduate or graduate student, the campus CARE advocate can provide immediate confidential support, explain the campus resources available and help you access the ones you want. Here are some examples of resources and services:
In addition to CARE resources, if you are a faculty member, other academic appointee, or staff member, you can talk one-on-one with the trained professionals through the Faculty and Staff Assistance Program (FSAP) who can offer confidential support and help you identify other available resources.
If there is no immediate danger, let your friend or colleague know university resources are available:
CARE Advocates are available to confidentially support and assist students, faculty, academic appointees and staff employees. CARE advocates are trained professionals who can connect them with psychological counseling, as well as explain medical, academic and reporting options.
UC faculty members, other academic appointees or staff employees have access to support from the Faculty & Staff Assistance Program (FSAP), in addition to CARE resources.
We have tips for how you can help a friend or colleague here
Yes. Confidential support is available to help any undergraduate or graduate student currently enrolled at UCR or any UCR faculty, academic appointee or staff member, regardless of whether the sexual violence occurred on or off campus.
In addition, we understand that some people may have experienced sexual violence before coming to UCR and may be seeking support services. The campus advocate can talk to you about resources, including connecting you with trained psychological counselors.
Filing a Report
Yes. You can speak confidentially to the campus CARE advocate, who can walk you through your options to report - as well as the option not to report - and answer questions you may have. If you are a faculty member, other academic appointee or staff member, you can also speak confidentially to the trained professionals through the Faculty and Staff Assistance Program (FSAP).
Talking to a CARE advocate or the Faculty and Staff Assistance Program staff does not constitute filing an official report with the university.
There are a couple different options for filing a formal report. You can file a formal report through the Title IX/Sexual Harassment Office. In addition, you can report to the university police if the violence happened on campus. If the violence occurred off campus, you can file a formal report with local law enforcement, such as the city police or county sheriff's office.
There is also an avenue for anonymous reporting; please keep in mind that with anonymous reporting, the ability to conduct an investigation and for disciplinary action for the accused may be limited, depending on the information that's given. You can learn more about these options and what to expect in our Reporting section.
It depends on which reporting option you choose. For example, if you report to the Title IX Office, the university will make every effort to protect your privacy to the greatest legal extent possible. However, some UCR personnel who are involved in your case will have access to your information, and your name may be shared with the accused if there is an investigation. If you decide to file a police report, you can request your identity remain confidential. If the police report results in criminal charges being filed and a trial, your name will be in court records.
Because confidentiality issues can be complex, it's best to speak with the campus CARE advocate if you have additional questions about what happens with your personal information if you report.
It will depend on the investigation's findings. After the investigation is completed, the university will determine if a disciplinary proceeding should be held.
UCR takes reports of sexual violence very seriously. If you decide to report to the university and if an investigation finds that an individual has violated the Sexual Harassment and Sexual Violence Policy or other university policies, the university will hold a disciplinary proceeding during which they will decide what disciplinary action will be taken.
The CARE Advocate
The CARE advocate works with survivors of sexual violence, sexual assault, domestic/dating violence and stalking to provide confidential emotional support and assistance. In addition, the advocate works with survivors to access campus resources such as psychological counseling, medical care, emergency housing, transportation and academic needs.
If you have experienced sexual violence, the advocate can explain your options for filing a formal report with law enforcement or the university - as well as the option not to report. If you choose to file a formal report, the advocate will help you navigate the reporting process and help coordinate services on your behalf with other agencies, including campus and community services and police.
To reach a CARE advocate now, visit their Make an Appointment page.
The advocate office, CARE: Advocate Office for Sexual and Gender-Based Violence and Sexual Misconduct, was created at every UC campus to provide dedicated, full-time support to survivors of sexual violence, both immediately and over the long term. These dedicated offices ensure that survivors can reach an advocate whose sole responsibility is to support their needs.
The advocate office, which launched systemwide in January 2015, is one of seven recommendations from the President's Task Force on Preventing and Responding to Sexual Violence and Sexual Assault.
In addition to CARE Advocacy services, they can also seek services from the Faculty and Staff Assistance Program (FSAP). FSAP offers confidential counseling, and can also connect you with additional campus resources, such as where to go if you want to file a report. Faculty members may also contact their Academic Personnel Office regarding their academic rights.
Education and Training
To learn more about how to fulfill the education and training requirement at your campus, visit your campus Education and Training webpage:
Faculty and Supervisors: Faculty and Supervisors are legally required to complete two hours of sexual harassment prevention training every two years, and new faculty and supervisors are required to take training within 90 days of hire. Starting January 2016, a systemwide faculty/supervisor training and education program was implemented that revised the content in the sexual harassment prevention training so that it meets UC’s systemwide curriculum. It also includes additional training for those who work directly with students such as faculty student advisors. Faculty and supervisors also receive training on their legal obligations to report sexual violence. In addition, faculty and supervisors will receive other violence prevention training on an annual basis reminding them of their obligation and processes for notifying Title IX offices about sexual violence and sexual harassment.
Staff and academic appointees who are not supervisors: Staff who are not supervisors will also be required to complete sexual harassment and sexual violence prevention training. UC’s systemwide staff training and education program requires new employees to receive training within the first six weeks of hire. All staff will receive training annually. The new training will include information on their responsibility to report sexual violence and sexual harassment if the incident involves a student.
The key concepts covered in UC’s systemwide curriculum are:
SVSA Investigation/Adjudication Model and Sanctions
Undergraduate and graduate students who have experienced sexual violence can speak confidentially to their campus CARE advocate to understand their rights and reporting options, including the option not to report. Students will also receive written explanations of these rights and reporting options. In addition, CARE advocates will inform students about counseling and other support resources that are available. Students accused of sexual violence or sexual harassment can contact their local Respondent Services Coordinator to help them understand their rights, the university’s investigation and adjudication process, and available resources.
If a student decides to file a report of sexual violence with the university, the campus Title IX office will conduct a fair, thorough and impartial investigation and make factual findings and a recommendation as to whether a policy violation has occurred.
The Office of Student Conduct will review the investigation report and determine if the allegations have been substantiated and if UC’s Sexual Violence/Sexual Harassment policy has been violated. Both students will have an opportunity to meet with Student Conduct before a final decision is made. If there has been a policy violation, Student Conduct will assess the disciplinary sanction(s). Students will be notified of any sanctions within 10 business days of the notice of findings, as well as options for appealing.
No. When the university learns of an incident of alleged sexual violence or sexual harassment, it will work with the complainant to put into place appropriate interim measures as needed to ensure the complainant’s safety, well-being, and equal access to university programs and activities. These measures could include no contact orders, housing assistance, academic support and accommodations, counseling, or other appropriate actions as needed.
Sanctions can range, depending on the offense, up to expulsion from the university for the most serious matters.
An appeal board, made up of one to three appropriately trained individuals, will hear the matter and decide whether to uphold, overturn or modify the decision or sanctions.
If the appeal board upholds the decision, then the matter is over. If the appeal board overturns or modifies either the findings or the sanctions, either student has one additional opportunity to appeal by submitting a written request to the chancellor or the chancellor’s designee within 5 business days.
UC aims to complete investigations and determine any disciplinary sanctions within 60 business days. If a student files an appeal, UC will aim to complete the entire process — investigation, adjudication and appeal — within 120 business days from the date the Title IX office receives the report of sexual violence. The timeframes are designed to bring a timely resolution for both the complainant and respondent.
The appropriate campus personnel will keep both students informed throughout the process.
The university will make every effort to protect the confidentiality and privacy of both the complainant and the respondent to the extent permitted by law and UC policy. Some UC personnel who are involved in the case will necessarily have access to personal information, including identifying information, in order to effectively respond to the complaint and maintain a safe environment for students.
Because these processes can be complex, all UC campuses provide resources to help both student complainants and respondents understand their rights and the investigation and adjudication process. Complainants can contact their confidential campus CARE Advocate Office. Respondents can contact their campus Respondent Services Coordinator. Both resources also provide referrals to other services, such as counseling and academic support. Both students may be accompanied by a support person and an advisor of their choice, including an attorney, at any stage of the process.
The complainant can contact the CARE Advocate Office and the respondent can contact the Respondent Services Coordinator at any time for help in determining the status of the complaint.
After the work of the joint committee on faculty is completed, the university plans to review existing processes, adjudication standards and sanctions for cases that involve staff members.
In addition to having students on the working group, the committee also consulted with a wide range of UC students — both undergraduate and graduate students — throughout the process. The workgroup also reviewed procedures in place at other universities around the country, and consulted with UC law professors as well as nationally recognized experts in sexual violence and higher education law.
Training has been occurring throughout the year on conducting investigations and hearings consistent with trauma-informed practices. In the time leading up to the January 2016 implementation, the university has trained campus stakeholders, including Title IX officers, Offices of Student Conduct, investigators, and individuals responsible for hearing appeals on the new systemwide standards, so these new procedures are implemented consistently across all campuses. These employees will also receive ongoing training.
Campuses have long had investigation and adjudication processes in place to respond to reports of sexual violence and sexual harassment.
The new systemwide model establishes a consistent and efficient process for the investigation and adjudication of complaints of sexual violence and sexual harassment against students, and assigns specific authority, roles and responsibilities to certain offices to ensure consistency across the UC system. The new model outlines a trauma-informed (using practices that are sensitive to those who have experienced trauma) and fair process for the student filing the complaint (complainant) and the student responding to the complaint (respondent), allowing both an equal opportunity to be heard, to offer witnesses and evidence, to comment and to appeal. It also sets projected timeframes for the investigation, adjudication and appeals process in order to provide a prompt and effective response to complaints.